Take full advantage of our sunny days by getting out into the garden.
August is the good time of the year for pruning roses says gardening expert Reg Kidd.
Here's his guide to looking after roses all year round.
- Soil quality is essential for good roses. Feed your roses with Dynamic Lifter, Seamungus, blood and bone and good quality mulch. Roses like a PH of 6.5.
- Buy new roses. Check to see the stems don't looked cracked or dry. Hopefully the roots aren't dry either.
- Never replace a rose with another unless the soil is changed.
- Planting requires trimming of the roots, mounding the soil up in a hole and spreading the roots over the mound. Fill hole to a level where soil covers the graft union.
- In the Orange district prune in August. Only repeat flowering roses are pruned in winter. Roses which flower only once in spring are pruned after they have finished flowering.
- Make sure your secateurs are clean and sharp. Dip secateurs into a bleach solution between roses to kill any fungal spores.
- First remove dead wood at the base, next remove any crossing branches and prune five millimetres above any outward pointing bud. For hybrid teas create a V-shape.
- Dispose of cuttings but do not add them to mulch.
- You can also move roses to a new position.
- There is no need to spray after pruning roses in winter.
- Toward the end of September-early October feed roses using blood and bone plus sulphate of potash, Sudden Impact for Roses and any acknowledged rose food.
- When all the leaves have opened spray with a fungicide such as copper oxychloride (not lime sulphur).
- Spray the soil around the rose and under and over the rose
- Repeat spray 10-14 days later
- Deadhead as flowers finish.
- At the end of January, early February feed again for the autumn flush
- Spray again with similar regime as in spring
- Deadhead to enjoy roses until the end of autumn.
- Healthy roses can resist pests and diseases.
- There are three main diseases, all of which are fungal.
- They are black spot, powdery mildew and rust.
- Tackle them with a spray program. Consult your local garden centre.
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